Fascism is the union of government with private business against the People.
"To The States, or any one of them, or to any city of The States: Resist much, Obey little; Once unquestioning obedience, at once fully enslaved; Once fully enslaved, no nation, state, city, ever afterward resumes its liberty." from "Caution" by Walt Whitman

Sunday, October 21, 2012

Anti-Fascism: Witnesses against Drone attacks in Pakistan

2012-08-20 "Upstate Drone Action Reports" by Charley Bowman from [http://upstatedroneaction.org/wordpress/2012/08/20/drone-starvation/]:
Yet more evidence — this time in Yemen — that drones create massive problems for those living near the receiving end of the Hellfiremissiles, but who are not targeted for execution.
In an article just published in The Lancet, UNICEF’s representative in Yemen reports on the status of hunger in that country. Buried in the article on hunger is the following drone tidbit:
“The issue of access for UNICEF is the least of our concerns”, adds [UNICEF Representative] Cappelaere. Indeed, some of the estimated 300000 who fled American drone attacks and Al Qaeda separatists in the south may even have moved to areas in which health care and aid was easier to access than it had been previously.”
So UNICEF is saying 300,000 Yemenis have been forcibly displaced as a result of two things: drone attacks and Al Qaeda separatists.
We now have at least 300,000 new enemies in Yemen. No doubt many of the displaced have joined Al Qaeda, especially if they offer food.
Also, the UN is looking for $450 million to alleviate Yemen’s food crisis: can the U.S. afford to forgo 12 MQ-9 Reaper drones to feed 10 million human beings?
If we simply fed them and gave them access to clean water, Al Qaeda wouldn’t have a leg to stand on…all for the price of a few drones.

2012-10-21 "Report on the CodePink delegation to Pakistan" by Joe Lombardo, UNAC co-coordinator

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I arrived in Islamabad at 2:30 am on October 3 with about 7 other members of our delegation after a grueling fight from New York.  We were part of the Code Pink anti-drone delegation to Pakistan.  On arrival in Islamabad, we were amazed to see a large group of people welcoming us from the Aafia Siddiqui movement.  This is a movement in support of Aafia Siddiqui who is in solitary confinement in a Texas prison serving an 86 year sentence.  Aafia, like other Muslims in prison in the U.S. as part of the phony “War on Terror,” is guilty of nothing.  I will explain more about her case later in this report.
After arriving at our guest house where the entire delegation was staying, I had about 1/2 hours sleep before meeting the rest of the delegation at our orientation.  Others on the delegation include Col. Ann Wright, who quit the military and her diplomatic post over the invasion of Iraq, Medea Benjamin, the dynamic leader of Code Pink, Leah Bolger, president of Veterans for Peace and UNAC administrative committee member, Judy Bello of the Upstate NY Coalition to Ground the Drones and End the Wars  and UNAC administrative committee member and a host of other wonderful activists and individuals, including 3 other members of the Upstate New York Coalition.  We were 31 people in all.

On our first day in Pakistan, we met with the acting U.S. ambassador, Richard E. Hoagland, who made the fantastic statement that no civilians have been killed by the drones since 2008 (the year Obama became president).  At another time he said the civilian casualties were in the 2 figures (< 99). 

We also held a meeting with a leading human rights fighter and with Fowzia Siddiqui,  Aafia Siddiqui’s sister.

Aafia Siddiqui is a young Pakistani woman who was educated in the U.S. She did undergraduate work at MIT and got doctorate from Brandeis. She eventually returned to Karachi, Pakistan where her family lives. She had 3 children, 2 born in the U.S., making them U.S. citizens. In 2003, Aafia took her 3 children, ages 6 months to 6 years, on a trip to Islamabad and disappeared.  The U.S. and Pakistani government both denied having her in custody.  Five years passed and her family feared she and her children were dead when they got word from a reporter that she was alive and at Bagram Air base in Afghanistan.  NBC news also confirmed this and the U.S. government finally admitted they had her in custody.  She was taken to the U.S. and tried for assaulting a U.S. soldier in Ghazni, Afghanistan while she was in custody waiting to be interrogated. She was convicted and is now serving 86 year in solitary confinement at the notorious Carswell prison in Texas. Her family has had almost no contact with her and have been denied the right to visit. Her son Ahmed, a U.S. citizen, was found in 2008 in Ghazni, Afghjanistan. He was then reunited with Aafia’s sister, who heads her defense campaign in Pakistan.  Aafia’s daughter, Maryum, also a U.S. citizen, was mysteriously dropped off in April 2010 near her aunt’s house in Karachi after being missing for 7 years. When dropped off, the only language she knew was English, which she spoke with a perfect American accent.  Aafia’s youngest child, a boy, remains missing and is feared dead.
At night, some of us met with members of the newly formed Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) chapter of Pakistan. 

We had a good discussion.  One of the themes that came out and that I have heard from others progressive people in Pakistan was that maybe the drones are not that bad.  They only hit the "militants" who are violent themselves, and if they were not used, the Pakistani military would have to attack the "militants" and many more would be killed.  We explained our view that the so called "militants" were there because of the war in Afghanistan.  If you want to end the "militant" actions, you need to stop the war.  This theme of the drones not being so bad is one that we heard a number of times in Pakistan from the secular progressive movement who is against the U.S. wars.  People we met from the left, such as the Labour Party of Pakistan (LPP), were clear that they were totally against the drones and the wars but they also held a position against the “militants.”  I had long discussions with them on this.  The secular left and the conservative Islamic movement, while agreeing on the need to fight U.S. imperialism, have been mortal enemies and, at times, have physically battled each other.  Our delegation got a hint of this at a meeting that the LPP set up for our delegation with the Bar Association of Islamabad, which I will report on later in this article.  The people from the LPP whom I spoke with understood why, in the U.S., our focus is totally on U.S. imperialism.
On our second day in Pakistan, I spent a lot of time apart from our delegation.  In the morning, Judy Bello and I spoke at a press conference with Fowzia Siddiqui and people from the Committee of the Disappeared. 

As in Latin American under various dictatorships, people in Pakistan were disappeared as happened to Aafia Saddiqui. Judy and I spoke at the press conference along with Aafia’s sister, the woman who heads the Committee of the Disappeared and a couple of other people.  There were a lot of media, and they asked a lot of good questions. Outside the press conference, about 100 people, mostly women and children who are family members of the disappeared were waiting for us. We met with them. They wanted to be with us, many were crying.  They carried pictures of their loved ones in the hope that it would help them find them. It was one of those situations where you just feel helpless, and there is nothing that you can say.

After the press conference and our meeting with the disappeared, we met up with the rest of our group and attended a press conference with Imran Khan.  The press conference was huge and had media from all across Pakistan, from the U.S. and around the world.  Medea spoke for our group.  It was clear to me at this press conference how important our tour to Pakistan was and how glad I was that Code Pink had the ability and political clarity to organize it. 

Our tour raised the profile of the drone issue in Pakistan, the U.S. and other places.  It was a big blow to U.S. war policy and put the U.S. on the defensive on this issue.  It happened at the very time that a study from Stanford and NYU and another study from Columbia on the use of drone warfare came out condemning drone warfare.  Since then, there have been a number of articles in the corporate media questioning the use of drones.
That night I went to the home of one of the people from the Labour Party of Pakistan (LPP) and met with about 10 people.  We had a long informal exchange of ideas.  They wanted to know everything about the antiwar movement and the left in the U.S.  They told me about their merger plans with two other secular left parties in Pakistan, the Workers Party and the People’s Party.  This merger is big news in progressive circles in Pakistan, and we heard about it in several places.
On April 9, 2011, when UNAC held demonstrations against the wars in New York and San Francisco, the Labour Party of Pakistan organized solidarity actions in several cities in Pakistan
After our discussion, I was taken to the office of the Tribune newspaper, where I met the staff and editors and had a long interview.
On our third day in Pakistan, we met with a number of men who had had family members killed in drone attacks.  They all were from North Waziristan.  Before they came, our hosts told us that they may be uncomfortable in a room with both men and women and may not make eye contact with the women out of respect.  Most of the talking was done by one man who lost his son and a brother in a drone attack.  He was a Malik, a tribal leader.  (On the way back from Waziristan I was able to spend over an hour talking to this man one-on-one.) 

According to the introduction to the Federal Administrative Tribal Areas (FATA) given by our hosts, these are areas that are part of Pakistan but are autonomous.  They have their own governing bodies.  The highest governing entity is the jirga, which is a meeting of tribal officials.  The main language in Pakistan is Urdu, but in this area the main language is Pashto.  The FATA areas of North and South Waziristan are where the drone strikes have taken place, two-thirds of them in North Waziristan.
We learned that drones fly overhead 24 hours a day.  People are afraid to congregate, fearing they we be seen as a gathering of “militants” and will be attacked.  Children no longer go to school because of fear that they will be attacked.  This has caused a lot of psychological disorders in this area, and for the first time in their communities they are seeing instances of suicide.  At one point, the regional jirga was targeted and 54 people were killed.  Typically, the U.S. and Pakistan don’t give compensation when someone is killed by the drones, but in this case they offered $6,000 for each family.  This is a lot of money for these people, but it was refused by everyone.  They said they want justice, not money. 
Also at the meeting was a journalist from North Waziristan who has been documenting the drone strikes.  When there is a strike, he gets notified and goes to the site and records who is killed and takes pictures.  Some of these pictures were blown up and put on our busses as we rode towards Waziristan the following day.  Because of their customs, he is unable to take pictures of women or even record their names, but he has recorded the time and place where 670 women have been killed by the drones.  This is far different than what we heard from the ambassador.  I tend to believe the journalist from North Waziristan rather than our government who lied to us about weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.
After this meeting, we went with these men from North Waziristan to a rally against drones organized at a close-by shopping area by the youth group of Imran Khan’s Justice Party.

We then went back to our hotel to get ready for our journey north to Waziristan the following morning.  Before leaving for Waziristan, the U.S. government made one last attempt to stop us.  The ambassador called and told us that they had received “creditable reports” that if we were to go to Waziristan, we would be attacked.  To me, this indicated the power of our march to Waziristan.  All three tribal leaders in South Waziristan wanted us to come.  They said we were their guests and would be protected.  This march included Americans and Pakistanis and was supported by those in the tribal areas.  It indicated that we all want peace, so it raised the question, why do we have war?
On Saturday morning we boarded our busses to meet up with Imran Khan’s convoy to head north. 

Almost immediately, everything fell apart.  We were supposed to by right behind Imran Khan, but never quite got into that position. At times on the way north, we seemed to lose the caravan and then would meet up with it again later.  The caravan went through poorer rural areas and beautiful landscapes. 

At times when we were separated, our hosts got concerned and asked us to close the curtains on the busses and make sure that the women had their heads covered.
As we passed through towns on the way north, we were met by crowds of members of Imran Khans party.  The convoy stopped at several of these towns and held anti-drone rallies.  Because we were not up front near Imran Khan in the convoy, we did not hear or participate in these rallies, but the crowds remained, knowing that our busses would pass by them.  When we did pass them, they cheered and flashed peace signs.

We reached our destination for the night very late, around midnight.  We stayed in the compound of a big farm about 10 km (around 6 miles) from the border with Waziristan.  Outside and inside the compound were crowds of people spending the night, getting ready for the trip across the border.  As we walked from our busses into the compound, we were treated like heroes.  People shouted welcome and peace.  Everyone wanted to take a picture with us.  We were fed a meal at midnight and held a meeting.  Some were concerned that the security that we were supposed to have on our ride north never materialized and wanted to make sure that it was rectified in the morning.

That night we learned that the military had blocked the roads into Waziristan with big storage containers and would not let us cross the border.  They said that this was for our own safety.  Imran Khan was determined to make an effort to cross the border despite the containers.  In the morning he met with our group and leaders of his party, and our hosts encouraged us not to go with him the extra 6 miles to the border.  If we were stopped by the containers, they understood that it would be difficult to turn all the cars in the large caravan around, and there would be a massive traffic jam. 
In this situation our safety might be of concern.  Instead, before leaving they organized a big rally at the compound where Imran and Medea spoke to cheering crowds shouting “Welcome,” “Peace,” and “Stop, stop, stop drones attacks.”  This rally was held on October 7, the 11th anniversary of the invasion of Afghanistan as demonstrations were taking place in the U. S. and other parts of the world.

It was understood that the political power of this trip with our delegation had already been achieved, and therefore, the risk was not worth it at this point.  So after the caravan cleared out of the compound heading north, we left and headed south accompanied by a police escort all the way back to Islamabad.

On the way back to Islamabad, we stopped at a rural college that was built by Imran Khan.  This was a college of engineering and computer science he established primarily for those who might otherwise not have access to higher education.  Ninety percent of those attending are there on scholarship.    It was meant to be the first of many schools accessible to everyone within a “city of knowledge” envisioned by Imran Khan.  We also were told about a cancer hospital he’d built at which anyone could obtain treatment, whether they could afford it or not. 
After returning to Islamabad, we rested. The next day, Monday, was a slow one.  We did have a follow-up meeting with the Ambassador.  Only six of us, including me, attended this meeting.  We asked him to hear the evidence we had of Pakistani civilian deaths from U.S. drone attacks.  He said he would.  Some people in our group felt the Ambassador opened up to us more on this occasion than is usual.  At times, he asked us to turn off the recording devices so he could say something off the record.  However, he stuck to the line that there were almost no civilian deaths and that if there were, they were anomalies.  I did not have much hope that our talk with the Ambassador would advance our cause at all.
On Tuesday and Wednesday, Judy Bello and I separated from the group to spend a day in Karachi with the Aafia folks and another in Lahore with the LPP folks.  When we got off of the plane in Karachi, we were met by a group of people holding a big banner stating, “Welcome to our distinguished guests, Joe Lombardo and Judy Bello.” 

We were taken by car to Aafia’s home to meet her mother and children.  All along the road, we saw banners and wall writing in honor of Aafia Siddiqui.  My favorite sign said, “86 years – bullshit.” 

At one point, there was a truck in the middle of the road surrounded by people and cars.  The truck had speakers on it that were playing a song sung in Urdu.  It was a popular folk song written about Aafia.  Our car fell in behind the sound truck and started a caravan to Aafia’s house.  
As we got closer, the road became packed with people welcoming us, waving, chanting, giving peace signs, and throwing flowers. The major road we were on was taken over by this crowd, and our car went along with them at a slow pace. 

At one point I got out and walked with the crowd.  The police escorted us and smiled and waved at us.  As we got closer to Aafia’s home, her entire street had been plastered with huge pictures of demonstrations held across Pakistan and in other countries demanding her release.  There was one picture of a demonstration in Pakistan that we were told was attended by over a million people.

We held a well-attended press conference at Aafia’s house and met her mother and her son and daughter.  As always, they fed us till we could not look at food anymore.

After meeting the family, we were taken to the University of Karachi, where Judy and I spoke to a lecture hall full of students and answered questions. It was a very good exchange, and they were friendly and happy to see us, but the questions brought home once again how much people hate the U.S. government and don’t understand why it does such terrible things.

After the University meeting, we were taken to meet the Pakistani 1%.  We were brought to an exclusive club on the ocean and sat at a table with the big owners of the textile mills and other industries in the industrial city of Karachi. 
Aafia’s sister, Fowzia, explained that they hoped to get money from these people for their campaign.  These people knew about our delegation and the trip to Waziristan with Imran Khan.  They were very interested in what we had to say, and they too expressed confusion and anger towards the policies of the U.S. government.
On the way back from this meeting, we were taken to a commercial area near the docks.  There we found the sound truck again playing Aafia’s song and a crowd of young men demonstrating for her freedom.  Once again, we were greeted like heroes.  We all got out of the car and marched with the protesters.  We carried lit torches through the streets.

On the last day of our trip, October 10th, we flew to the city of Lahore, near the border with India.  Members of the LPP met us and took us to a hotel, where we rested for a few minutes before we were picked up by Farooq Tariq, one of the LPP leaders.  
We were taken to the Lahore headquarters of the LPP, where we had an informal discussion with a group of members, and then went to a meeting with the Punjab Union of Journalists. 

We were also interviewed by some journalists from U.S. media.  But the meeting had to be cut short because, as the world knows, on this last day of our trip, which had gotten daily headlines in the Pakistani media, a 14 year old girl, Malala Yousufzai, was shot by the Taliban.  Demonstrations against the shooting were quickly organized.  Judy and I attended two of them organized by the LPP and other groups in Lahore.  At the same time, the rest of our group attended a similar demonstration back in Islamabad.

One other incident occurred with our group back in Islamabad while Judy and I were in Lahore.  Lawyers who are members of the LPP organized a meeting for the group at the Bar Association in Islamabad.  There had been some tension among members of the Bar Association, some of it centered around a case that some of the lawyers were defending.  A while ago, the governor of Punjab province came out publically for getting rid of Pakistan’s blasphemy laws.  After this, he was shot and killed by a police officer.  The police officer was caught and is now on trial.  Some of the conservative lawyers supported the action of the police officer and are defending him.  These lawyers decided that Americans should not come to the Bar Association and tried to block the group.  There was a verbal confrontation but the backed down and the meeting went on over their objection. 
While we were on our way to Waziristan on October 6th and 7the, there was a meeting held in Lahore with 100 representatives of progressive secular groups from Pakistan and Afghanistan.  There were around 80 people from Pakistan and 20 from Afghanistan at this meeting.  The people from the LPP saw this as a very important meeting, as did I.  They told me that they want to work closely with the U.S. antiwar movement.
The trip to Pakistan was very important, in my opinion, in building the U.S. and Pakistani movement against the drones and the wars.  It showed people in Pakistan that not all Americans are bad.  We got tremendous publicity throughout Pakistan and were even able to break into the U.S. corporate media as well as media around the world.  Drones are now on people’s radar (no pun intended) as never before inside the U.S. and Pakistan.  Our 31 activists can now bring this message of peace and no-drones back to our communities and build a stronger movement.  Code Pink is to be applauded for organizing this trip, and we all need to read Madea Benjamin’s book about drones to further arm ourselves for the struggle ahead.

2012-10-07 "Life in Waziristan, 2012 AD” by Leah Bolger from "Warisacrime.org"
Leah Bolger is President of Veterans For Peace.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)…increased use of anti-anxiety, and anti-depressant drugs…suicide. These are all issues that are plaguing American combat soldiers, and which the American media has reported on widely.
Yesterday the CODEPINK delegation to Pakistan heard directly from the victims of U.S. combat drones. We listened intently to the stories of these men who describe their lives in terms of “Before Drones” and “After Drones,” in much the same way that Americans refer to their lives “since 9/11.”
Imagine having up to 6 drones circling overhead 24 hours a day, making an incessant, constant buzzing sound that never ceases. The sound the drones make creates a deep-seated psychological fear—a sort of emotional torture. The lives of these people have changed completely, their culture and way of life destroyed.
This is a communal society, whose families of 60 to 70 people live in the same compound. The women cook together, the families eat and sleep together. Weddings and funerals are huge gatherings of friends and family—or at least they used to be. Now, “After Drones (AD)” everything has changed. Children aged 5 to 10 no longer go to school. Men are afraid to gather in groups of more than 2 or 3. Weddings, which used to be joyous affairs with music, dancing, and drumming, are now subdued events with only close family members present. And most sadly, since funerals have been the target of drone attacks, they are now small gatherings as well.
Because of cultural norms, the deaths of women are not reported. It is considered offensive to discuss the names, or take photographs of women, yet one stalwart journalist, Noor Beharam, has risked his life repeatedly to try to document the deaths of women and especially children. He believes that 670 women have been killed by drone strikes, and has taken photos of more than 100 children. Their bodies are often unrecognizable as human after the strikes. He showed us one photo of a man holding torn pieces of a woman’s dress that he found in the trees, in an attempt to document his wife’s death.
The Waziris are now raising a generation of children with psychological and emotional scars without an education. The use of Xanax is startling high, and suicide, which is a societal and religious taboo, is shocking. Seventeen Waziris have killed themselves due to the emotional terror of the U.S. drone program. This is something that is unheard of in this culture. Families are becoming displaced and moving to more urban areas in an attempt to avoid popular “strike areas.” The Pakistani Army has moved in and won’t allow them to cross into Afghanistan to visit their relatives there, though the entire region is Pashtun, and part of their cultural and historical heritage.
The U.S. government has created enemies where there were none. We have been told repeatedly about the concept of revenge, which is a dominant social force in Waziristan. The children of this region will remember what we have done to them, and their children, and their children. We have also been told repeatedly that the only way to possibly stop this spiral is to stop the drones. Just stop. These people will not accept monetary compensation even if it were offered, which it isn’t. They don’t want an apology, which they view as insincere. They just want us to stop the drones, so they can return to their “Before Drones” lives.

2012-10-05 "Marching to Waziristan" by Judy Bello from "Upstate Drone Action Reports"
Resistance to Automated Warfare, beginning in our own back yard!

First thing in the morning I’ll board the bus heading for South Waziristan. Thirty five westerners will be heading for Dehr Ismail Khan and on to the border town of Kotkai, including Clive Stafford Smith of the London based organization Reprieve, who started our defending prisoners in Guantanamo, and is now focused on mounting lawsuits for the survivors of drone attacks and the families of those who did not survive and other members of Reprieve; including about 30 members of the colorful American antiwar group, CodePink and their intrepid leader, Medea Benjamin, who organized this mission; including representatives of the Christian Peacekeepers, Fellowship of Reconciliation, the Upstate Coalition to Ground the Drones and End the Wars and the United National Antiwar Coalition in the United States and many others.
Our hosts for this mission are Shahzad Akhbar and the three lovely Maryams (all lawyers) on his staff at the Foundation for Fundamental Rights, a sister organization to Reprieve, conveniently  based in Islamabad, the capital city of Pakistan which happens to be located in the north of the country, not for from the rural home of the Pakhtuns.   Besides hosting us, the Foundation for Fundamental Rights invites the injured parties to come to Islamabad and tell their stories, then prepares lawsuits to bring before the high court of Pakistan for them against the Pakistani government and American authorities in Pakistan.   It was the Foundation for Fundamental Rights that sued the American CIA chief in Pakistan some time last year, thereby causing him to make a quick exit from the country.  
Our sponsor or the Delegation is Imran Khan, leader of PTI, the Pakistan Tehreekh-e-Inshaf party, a rightist, leftist, populist party that has a surprising number of women and young people among it’s supporters.  Khan has adopted the anti Drone campaign, and supports ending American military presence in Pakistan and ending American abuses of Pakistani sovereignty as a prelude to true friendship between our countries.   Earlier this evening we went to a rally with PTI Youth.  We gathered with them in a large ‘Super Market’, which is something like a cross between a traditional bazaar and a modern mall, and marched through the streets chanting and singing.   We were shouting “Stop! Stop! Drone Attacks! and singing “We are Maaaarching to Waziristan; Marching to Waziristan”.  Then, “Bandkro! Bandkro! Drone Humlah Bandkro!” and “Jarub, Jarub Waziristan.  Jarub!” (My sincere apologies to Urdu speakers for abusing your language) Nice symmetry in the messages, I thought.
I opened the newspaper when I got home and saw a little back page article saying that the Taliban had denied ever giving permission to Khan for a march into their territory.    It’s a push pull.   Yesterday, Imran Khan gave a big press conference and we got lots of coverage.  Today a little nip of a backlash.  When I first arrived, PTI had a press conference for us to talk about our intention to go to Waziristan with Imran, and the next day there was a front page article stating that the Taliban were determined to block us.  Shahzad said the information was a week old.  Khan’s stance is that we are free people and have a right to travel where we will.   Furthermore, the tribesmen whose land we will travel through have invited us and will treat us as guests.
Wow!  We will be guests of of the Mehsud tribe.   I think a couple of generations of their leadership have been primary targets of Drone strikes.  Yesterday Richard Hoagland, the Charges d’ Affairs of the US Consulate in Islamabad, came to call at our hotel.  He was preceded by a contingent of Pakistani military men bearing weapons, who checked the place out and stationed guards at strategic points before he arrived.  He gave a little talk, inviting us to avail ourselves of embassy services, and then had his security liaison  say a (surprisingly) few words about the dangers of going into the Tribal Areas.   Then we had some Q&A.     I felt that we asked some good questions, but got little in the way of answers.  Others were satisfied with tidbits and hints.
This afternoon, some members of the victims of Drone strikes families came to meet with us, along with one of their tribal leaders Malik Jalal Khan, who spoke for them, and a translator and Noor Behram, the photographer who has taken most of the photos we have of the victims and post attack wreckage in the villages of North Waziristan in Pakistan.    Noor says that he has photographed the bodies of 100 children, and has seen more.  Whenever he hears of an attack he goes to the location immediately, but even so he sometimes arrives too late and the child has already been buried.  Sometimes there is nothing left to photograph.
Malik Jalal Khan is a handsome man with a big turban, a big beard and a twinkle in his eye.  He’s a guy whose cellphone rings during the meeting and his business has precedence.  According to Jalal Khan, women killed in the strikes are often not reported as missing or dead.   Women are part of the private space and their lives and deaths are not appropriate subjects for public discourse.    It’s a cultural context that seems very alien to us, but it is their way of life.  He said that in many cases, the missiles strike while the women are working in a kitchen, just off the main room where men may be meeting and drinking their tea.  He seems to find this detail particularly disturbing;  women murdered while doing housework; women killed while caring for their families.  Is that worse then women killed while sleeping; women killed while having a conversation among themselves?
I always remind people that the compounds we hear about in the news, the compounds that are the most likely targets of drone strikes are actually people’s homes.  Shahzad explains to us that these homes which are compounds, house extended families with as many as 50 or 60 people.   It told him it appears to me that the strikes are in a very small area.   The translator, at this point, became very agitated, and after a lively discussion in Pashto, he asserted that the strike were not confined to a small area, but rather they are everywhere.   Shahzad followed up by pointing out that one person’s small area may not seem so small to another.
In any case, the vision is that the drone strikes are everywhere in their world, and anyone who reads a newspaper anywhere in the world knows that they occur pretty regularly 1 or 2 a week, or perhaps every other week.  Someone asked if the strikes caused people to leave the region.   Jalal Khan said that some do leave, and others just retreat into the mountains when they are feeling unsafe, then return to their lands.   He said that he himself does this at times.  When asked how the constant threat affects their lives, he said that their culture is being undermined because people no longer congregate in large numbers for public functions, weddings, funerals.  Children don’t go to school.  Jirgas are threatened so leaders don’t meet in large groups.
When asked whether he supports terrorists, Jalal Khan said that they don’t go to fight in Afghanistan because the border is no longer open the way it was before the war on terror. He said they lived open and dignified lives then, before they became the target of our wars.   But now they can’t even visit their relatives in towns a few miles away on the other side of the Afghan border.  People have become isolated, anxious and depressed.  According to Shahzad, there are increasing numbers of people taking Zantac and other anti-anxiety drugs to get through the day.
Yesterday we met with Acting Ambassador Richard Hoagland, Charge d’Affairs at the American Embassy in Islamabad.  Ambassador Hoagland came to our hotel to welcome us to Pakistan, and to warn us of the dangers of pushing the boundaries there.  Here are some samples of the following Q&A with Ambassador Hoagland (Based on CodePink Twitters during the meeting, along with some clarifications).
CodePink: Can you provide an estimate of civilian casualties?
A Hoagland: Since July 2008, “in the two figures”.
CodePink: 10-99?
A Hoagland: Can’t answer. There are hardly any, if any at all.
The Ambassador first gives an estimate of civilian casualties due to drones that may be up to 100, a number considerably less than the number that emerged from actual research in the region, and through the work of the Foundation for Fundamental Rights.   He then dismisses even that figure as ‘hardly any, if any at all’.  Since we have seen the photos of 100 dead children and heard the stories of family members of other victims, this response seems not only inaccurate, but calloused.
CodePink:  Is there compensation for drone victims in Pakistan?
A Hoagland: it has to be set up, but it’s not impossible.
CodePink: Is the Pakistani government at highest level complicit in drone strikes?
A Hoagland:  I can’t answer that, ask the Pakistani Government.
The latter is an open question discussed at great length on the street in both Pakistan and the US.  My take is that the drone strikes were far less prevalent during the Musharraf period when the ISI was directly involved in selecting targets.   Since the Obama administration began, the Pakistani military has been excluded from decision making and any official complicity is superficial.  Given the massive rejection of the strikes within large segments of the civilian population of Pakistan, recent public protests against the drone strikes by their government would appear to be sincere, if inexcusably weak.
CodePink: What can we do to stop the drone attacks?
A Hoagland: Maybe bring the issue of drones to the International criminal courts.
Shahzad Akhbar: Unfortunately it’s the Pakistani Government that has to do that.
Shahzad Akhbar: What does Pakistan have to do to get the US to pay attention to how bad the drone program is?
A Hoagland: Address the issue through legal mechanisms.
CodePink: How does the violation of Pakistan’s sovereignty affect diplomacy?
A Hoagland: The government of Pakistan has lodged official protests against US Drone Program.
CodePink:  Is it true the US ambassador signs off on every drone strike.
A Hoagland: Can’t comment
It’s tough to sort this out, but it looks like it is the Pakistani Government’s responsibility to file a complaint, and they have done so.  However, no one is interested.   And drone victims are only the tip of the iceberg in this context.   Hundreds, maybe thousands of Pakistani nationals have been detained by or at the request of US officials during the War on Terror.   There are men sold to the Americans or picked up by accident along the border, who have been incarcerated without charges at Bagram for as many as 10 years. We met their relatives last night.   Apparently they have a process, but the process doesn’t  necessarily lead to any resolution of their status.   Worse, they have been deliberately silenced.  If they talk about the details of their treatment during incarceration, or how they came to be there, they are threatened and punished.
And then there are the men in Guantanamo, and those in Pakistani prisons.  I met with the relatives of some of the latter a couple of days ago.   And there are the ones like Aafia Siddiqui who somehow ended up with more than a life sentence in the US.  An American citizen with a PhD in cognitive neurology and 3 small children, Aafia was snatched from the streets of Islamabad and spent 5 years in Bagram before being extradited to the US.  We’ll never know why this bright, passionate woman was picked up in the first place because, by the time she was accused of an actual crime she had already been in detention under the worst of conditions for 5 years.
And it would be  worth remembering that just as Aafia Siddiqui is an American Citizen, Pakistan is an American ally.  Aafia Siddiqui’s family has been threatened for speaking out just as the families of the Bagram detainees have.   And it appears that the government of Pakistan dare not defy the US hegemon either.  This is how we treat our friends and those who freely choose to join our society.   Jalal Khan said, “Once we were Mujahedin.  Now we are Terrorists.”
CodePink: "Will there be Drone strikes during march?",
Hoagland: “I can assure you with 100% certainty; the march will not be targeted."
Well, that’s a relief.  Too bad all the citizens of Waziristan won’t be under our umbrella.
Today, a busload of CodePinkers went to visit the American Embassy in Islamabad.  They were denied entry.  But tomorrow we are going to Waziristan, to stand under a pristine sky that has been darkened by drones, with a people whose lives have been dismissed in the name of our freedom.   Pakistanis are saying, if we will go, then they have to go.   We all have to go to Waziristan or none of us can be free.

"Fragments of Hellfire Missiles retrieved from the sites of Drone attacks" from "Upstate Drone Action Reports"

(blood is within the circle)

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